With the cold winter months just around the corner, the California Department of Fish and Wildlife and the BEAR League is asking Tahoe residents, businesses and cabin owners to remember to bear-proof their properties.
This time of year, black bears are trying to consume as many calories as possible and are looking for that ideal spot for their winter hibernation. Unfortunately, bears are often attracted to crawl spaces under people’s homes because they are quiet, secluded, dark, dry and out of the wind.
“As far as a bear is concerned, an opening to a house’s crawl space is an open invitation to set up a den in an ideal location,” said Marc Kenyon, CDFW’s human-wildlife conflict program coordinator. “Bears are incredibly strong and can fit into very small places. We’ve seen bears gain access to well-stocked cupboards from under the floorboards.”
Ann Bryant, director of the BEAR League, estimates that at least 50 or more bears hibernate under homes or cabins in the Lake Tahoe area every winter, and to complicate matters, they sometimes give birth to their young there.
“If a bear gets under your home, there is a chance it could turn into three or four bears in January when the females give birth,” Bryant said. “No one feels right about evicting a mother bear and her tiny cubs out into the cold in the dead of winter.”
There are several things residents, rental property owners and businesses can do to ensure this doesn’t happen:
• Secure all crawl space doors and opening so bears don’t move in for the winter. Inspect the entire foundation of your home or other buildings, including under decks and porches, for even the smallest opening.
• Remove all food — including pet food, canned food, teas, spices and bottles of soda — from homes that will not be occupied for the winter. Leave nothing inside your cabin that has a scent or looks edible.
• Do not place rodent control bait in or under your home as it has proven to be a very powerful bear attractant.
• Clean your house thoroughly with ammonia-based products before closing it up for the winter.
• Close and lock all doors and windows even if you’re going to be away from home for only a short period of time. Tahoe bears have learned how to open them without breaking in. This applies not only to vacant properties but to year-round residences as well.
• Consider electrifying doors and windows, especially on homes without dual-pane glass and homes that will be vacant for a period of time.