China says United States can inspect downed spy plane
WASHINGTON – China will allow U.S. personnel to inspect an American spy plane that made an emergency landing on Hainan Island on April 1, officials in both nations said Sunday. An American inspection team in Okinawa, Japan, awaited clearance to travel to China, hoping to depart as early as Monday.
The development raised U.S. hopes that the disabled aircraft will soon return home, and it seemed to signal an easing of U.S.-China tensions.
”I see it as an encouraging sign that they’re willing to proceed,” Vice President Dick Cheney said. The plane cannot be flown now and may have to be taken out on a barge, Cheney said.
At the same time, Cheney and top Bush administration officials reinforced President Bush’s tough stand that a military response from the United States remains an option if China attacks Taiwan.
It has been nearly a month since a U.S. Navy EP-3E surveillance plane with a crew of 24 collided with a Chinese fighter jet sent to intercept it over the South China Sea, outside China’s 12-mile territorial sea and airspace.
The plane made an emergency landing at a military airfield on Hainan island, and the crew was detained for 11 days. They were released after Bush said he was ”very sorry” for the loss of the Chinese pilot and for the U.S. plane’s unauthorized entry into Chinese airspace to make an emergency landing.
At April 18-19 talks in Beijing, American negotiators presented a written proposal for U.S. experts to inspect the plane to determine whether to repair and fly it out or ship it out in pieces.
”Having completed its investigation and evidence collection involving the U.S. plane and in view of international precedents in handling such issues, the Chinese side has decided to allow the U.S. side to inspect its plane at the Lingshui Airport,” the official Xinhua News Agency said Sunday.
Cheney said he was hopeful that China’s decision would lay the groundwork for the return of the plane, which was loaded with sophisticated eavesdropping equipment.
”As we’ve said all along, we do want our aircraft back. And the fact that they have now announced that they’re willing to have U.S. personnel go in and look at the aircraft and assess what it’s going to take to get it back, I think is very positive,” he said on ”Fox News Sunday.”
The president’s chief of staff, Andrew Card, said Washington was preparing to send a team to the island.
”We expect them to get there as soon as their documentation is ready, their visas are ready,” Card said on ABC’s ”This Week.”
White House spokesman Ken Lisaius said an American team was ready to travel from Kadena Air Force Base in Okinawa, Japan, to China.
Neither he nor a Pentagon spokeswoman could immediately say who was on the ”technical assessment team,” which one official said was poised to depart as early as Monday. They were unsure how swiftly the plane might be returned, or even how it would come back.
Cheney said the aircraft was not airworthy.
”The nose is gone from it, all of the instruments don’t work, two of the engines are out,” he said. ”There isn’t any way you’re going to fly that aircraft out of there. Somebody’s going to have to go in and load it on something and transport it out, probably a barge or something.”
Xinhua also said the United States has agreed to consider making a payment to China. Card and Cheney said that would represent compensation for any Chinese assistance in removing the plane. There will be no additional compensation, they said.
The team will try to determine what military and hardware secrets the Chinese may have collected in the month since the plane has been on the ground. Crewmen aboard the U.S. plane used hammers and other measures to try to disable intelligence equipment, but some secrets still fell into Chinese hands, according to U.S. defense officials.
”I would assume they got something,” said Cheney, a former defense secretary. ”Certainly, the hardware’s left, even though a lot of it was destroyed by the crew en route. But the really sensitive stuff, things like software and so forth, I think were pretty well taken care of.”
While there was progress on returning the plane, U.S. officials forcefully reiterated Bush’s warning last week that U.S. military force is an option if China invades Taiwan. Bush’s statements marked an apparent departure from the long-standing American policy of ”strategic ambiguity,” and further inflamed U.S.-China tensions.
”We’re very serious about defending Taiwan,” Cheney said on Fox.
Added Card: ”It’s important that the United States live up to its obligations to help Taiwan defend itself and that’s what the president reiterated.”
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