HIV/AIDS in the United States and around the world |

HIV/AIDS in the United States and around the world

Cory Fisher

— As of December 1996, 581,429 cases of AIDS in the United States had been reported to the Centers for Disease Control by state and local health officials.

— Since HIV infection is not uniformly reported throughout the United States – only 26 states report known adult/adolescent cases of HIV infection – estimates of HIV infection are limited and difficult, and do not precisely reflect the epidemic.

— Today, one-half of all new HIV infections in the United States occur in people under the age of 25, with half of these occurring in people under 22.

— AIDS is the sixth leading cause of death among 15- to 24-year-olds.

–HIV is spread sexually in young people more than any other group.

— Many persons infected with HIV have not been tested or diagnosed. It is estimated that there are approximately 650,000 to 900,000 Americans infected with HIV.

— In December 1996, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS estimated that more than 29.4 million HIV infections and 8.4 million AIDS cases have occurred worldwide since the pandemic began.

— Statistics can be broken down to about 8,500 new HIV infections a day – 7,500 in adults and 1,000 in children.

— More than 90 percent of children infected with HIV live in developing countries where health services are already under strain.

— Between 75 and 85 percent of HIV-positive adults have been infected through unprotected sexual intercourse, with male-female intercourse accounting for more than 70 percent and male-to-male intercourse accounting for roughly 5 to 10 percent.

— Transfusion of HIV-infected blood and the sharing of HIV-infected injection equipment by drug users account for 3 to 5 percent and 5 to 10 percent, respectively. However, transmission of the virus through donated blood has decreased in many parts of the world due to routine screening.

– Source: American Association for World Health

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