How to pay to thin forest
Funding debated by Nevada agency
By Gregory Crofton
Tribune staff writer
STATELINE – More than $17 million is needed to create defensible space around homes on the Nevada side of Lake Tahoe Basin and help firefighters keep wildfires out of communities.
The bulk of the cash, $12.8 million, is needed for work at South Shore, according to a fire plan just completed for the Tahoe-Douglas Fire Protection District. Fire plans for the California side of the basin are almost complete, but the price tag for work needed there will likely be much more than $17 million because California controls a larger amount of the basin.
The question of where to find the funding to create a halo of defensible space around communities in the basin provoked a short but sharp debate when the Governing Board of the Tahoe Regional Planning Agency – a bi-state organization formed in 1969 to protect the lake and regulate growth in the basin – met last month.
The board adopted a resolution “in support of funding for Tahoe basin-wide forest fuels reduction.” It also asked its staff to include the issue as part of the agenda for its September board meeting.
Coe Swobe, a Governing Board member from Reno, sparked the debate by arguing that a larger portion of the $37 million Tahoe got this year from the sale of federal land in Southern Nevada should go to forest fuel reduction projects.
A drop in the bucket
About $2.5 million of the $37 million from the Southern Nevada Public Land Management Act is slated to fund forest thinning projects in 2005. The law that allowed money generated in Southern Nevada to be used for environmental improvement projects at Tahoe requires the projects to be based on science and help improve the water quality of the lake.
Holding up a list of U.S. Forest Service projects to be funded with the $37 million, Swobe said: “It looks like one of those pork highway bills. Every pet project is on here.”
Forest Service Fire Management Officer Kit Bailey sat in the audience and listened to Swobe’s remarks. He remained silent, tapping his left foot and letting out deep exhales.
“Unfortunately, and surprising to me, only $3 million of the $37 million, or eight percent, is going to removal of forest fuels from the basin,” Swobe said. “That is disappointing and far short of what Tahoe deserves.”
Swobe said he sent letters to Sen. Harry Reid, D-Nev., and Sen. John Ensign, R-Nev., calling on the politicians to revisit the issue of how the funding is allocated because “scientific testimony reveals that a catastrophic wildfire would set back 100 years the water quality and ecology of Lake Tahoe.”
Money on the way
Mary Morgan, acting deputy supervisor for the Forest Service Lake Tahoe Basin Management Unit, did not attend the meeting, but said the agency is at “capacity” as far as the number of forest thinning projects it can handle.
Although Morgan said, with the $2.2 million in federal funding earmarked for Tahoe by Congress, combined with the Southern Nevada money, about $2.5 million, the Forest Service has doubled its funding for forest thinning in 2005. And that number may climb as high as $7 million for 2006, she said.
“We are planning to expand our staff in the fuels and fire program,” Morgan said, adding that there are other factors that inhibit work. They include: contractors’ limited interest projects in the basin, and the lengthy process of analyzing the environmental impact of the work to be done.
Also, at last month’s Governing Board meeting, TRPA Executive Director John Singlaub announced the agency will work to increase funding for the South Lake Tahoe office of the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection in an effort to allow residents to more quickly create defensible space around their homes.
After CDF funding was cut two years ago, the state agency no longer could afford to keep on staff two retired foresters who marked trees for removal on the North and South shores. Today, a TRPA forester does the job under a CDF license.
Earlier this summer the TRPA approved an agreement with North Tahoe Fire Protection District at Incline Village that allows a forester on its staff to issue tree removal permits. About 240 residents have already taken part in the program, said Jim Galloway, a governing board member who also serves as a Washoe County commissioner representing Incline Village.
“If we give (residents) a change to their job, they do it,” Galloway said.
Creating a similar program on the California side of the basin would be much more complicated and expensive because becoming a forester in California requires much more training and experience than it does in Nevada, said Mike Vollmer, TRPA vegetation program manager.
– Gregory Crofton can be reached at (530) 542-8045 or by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org
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