| TahoeDailyTribune.com

Giants rally to win South Tahoe Little League title

The Little League Champion Giants (10-12-year-olds) are coached by Bruce Hernandez (left), Jody Benavidez (right) and Dan Brown (back row, right). The players are (in no particular order) Braydon Agnew, Danny Aguila, Jonah Benavidez, Cobin Brown, Colton Brown, Adrian Grajeda, Conner Hennessee, Jake Hennessee, Cruz Hernandez, Hudson James, Bryce Nye-Morrell and Tyler White. (Bill Rozak / Tahoe Daily Tribune)

SOUTH LAKE TAHOE, Calif. — Giants second baseman Hudson James snared a line drive for the final out and a championship party ensued.

And the celebration had a little extra enjoyment after no Little League celebrations were had last season.

The Giants, who entered the double-elimination tournament as the No. 3 seed, roared back from an early deficit on Monday to defeat the top seed Yankees 8-4 on warm, sunny evening in front of fans, friends and family that packed the stands and surrounded the field.

“Absolutely there is some pent up excitement,” said Giants Head Coach Bruce Hernandez. “Today was amazing. It was against a tough team, a team we’ve battled against all season with really close scores and the boys really wanted it this time. They were fired up and respectful … just amazing kids.”

Colton Brown delivers a pitch for the Giants on Monday. (Bill Rozak / Tahoe Daily Tribune)

The Yankees came out swinging and put two runs on the board in the top of the first.

Donavan Gomez smashed a double to the left field wall that brought home Bryson Friederici to open the scoring. Gomez eventually crossed home plate for the second run.

Yankees righty Angelo Abandandalo, who pitched the first four innings, was masterful through two and was the victim of “contagious” hitting in the third.

James singled to lead off the inning that sparked a 4-run outburst.

The Giants were all smiles in the third inning during a four-run rally to take the lead. (Bill Rozak / Tahoe Daily Tribune)

“I tell the kids that all the time,” Hernandez said. “As soon as they get one hit, their bats become contagious and it’s game time.”

Adrian Grajeda singled and Jake Hennessee walked. A throwing error resulted in the Giants first run.

Tyler White lined a double to right center to plate Grajeda with the tying run, but quick fielding by the Yankees resulted in Hennessee being thrown out at home plate.

Yankees’ Donavan Gomez celebrates after his run-scoring double in the first inning. (Bill Rozak / Tahoe Daily Tribune)

Colton Brown followed by slicing a double down the right field line to score White the go-ahead run.

Cobin Brown then smacked a hard infield single that brought home the fourth run of the inning.

From there, Giants righty Colton Brown did not allow the Yankees to score again while he was on the mound through the fourth.

With two on and two in the bottom of the fourth, Brown got a strikeout to escape the jam.

The Giants, leading 4-2 after four, expanded the lead in the fifth.

Yankees shortstop Bryson Friederici prepares to throw to first for an out. (Bill Rozak / Tahoe Daily Tribune)

Grajeda ripped a double down the left field line that might still be rolling if it didn’t hit some fans beyond the wall. A walk and a hit batter set up Colton Brown who came through with a two-run single up the middle.

Giants catcher Jonah Benavidez capped the scoring with a two-run single to right field to make it 8-2.

The Yankees never gave up and mounted threats in each of the fifth and sixth innings.

Layne Celnar walked to lead off the fifth. After another walk and an error, the Yankees had their third run.

They may have mounted more of a comeback but the Giants turned a double play to mostly escape the rally.

Giants’ Hudson James and Yankees’ Bryson Friederici wait on a call after a close play at second base. (Bill Rozak / Tahoe Daily Tribune)

In the sixth, an error, a walk and a couple of wild pitches and the score was 8-4 with one on and nobody out.

Hernandez brought in Danny Aguila from third base to pitch and he slammed the door. Aguila struck out two batters and the third out was a liner to James.

As the Giants had just started celebrating on the field, Assistant Coach Jody Benavidez, a member of South Lake Tahoe Fire Rescue, arrived in a truck and joined the party with the horn and sirens lit for a moment. Benavidez was on duty and watching from the stands but was called away for a medical emergency in about the fourth inning.

After the celebration, which included spraying and drinking sparkling cider, the Giants shook hands with the Yankees and received championship rings.

“It was an all-around great game,” Hernandez said. “This year has been amazing to get these kids back out on the field and playing and by far one of the best groups of kids I’ve ever had.”

Yankees starting pitcher Angelo Abandandalo in the first inning on Monday. (Bill Rozak / Tahoe Daily Tribune)
(Bill Rozak / Tahoe Daily Tribune)
Giants left fielder Braydon Agnew throws to second base. (Bill Rozak / Tahoe Daily Tribune)

Drs. Hibler and Wallach Talk About Men’s Skin Health – An Ask the Medical Dermatology Experts Q&A

Get to know our dermatology experts

Dr. Hibler calls North Lake Tahoe home and sees patients at the practice’s Incline Village location. Specializing in medical, pediatric, surgical, and cosmetic dermatology, his approach as an osteopathic physician focuses on treating the whole person. 

In private practice since 1997, Dr. Wallach treats patients at the practice’s Truckee location. He diagnoses a full range of dermatologic problems for both adults and children, specializes in medical and cosmetic dermatology, and is well known for treating many types of skin cancer. He is a strong proponent of patient education in his practice and is a contributing author to the upcoming book, The 21st Century Man. Dr. Wallach and his family live in the North Tahoe area.

J. Hibler. D.O.
J. Hibler. D.O.

J. Hibler, D.O.

Q: What are the top three common men’s health concerns that you want your patients to be aware of?

A:  As a board-certified dermatologist and doctor of osteopathic medicine my natural bias centers on the concern for malignant melanoma, a deadly form of skin cancer. Recently I have been diagnosing about one male per week in our dermatology practice in Incline Village. If you had a chance to read our Q&A about skin cancer last month, I highly recommend making sure you are as educated about skin cancer as possible, and that article about America’s most common cancer is very informative. As far as overall health concerns, I think cardiovascular, mental, and prostate health are extremely important. I hear too many times that, “something has to kill me eventually,” and I counter with, why not try to stay healthy for as long as possible so that we can enjoy a high quality of life for the long-term? Keeping up with your age-appropriate screening guidelines is simple and easy and will improve your quality of life and extend your time on this earth.

Q: How different is men’s skin from women’s and how does that affect how men should care for their skin or what treatments they should seek?

A: It is not that different when it comes down to it. It is practically impossible for a pathologist to say whether a skin sample comes from a male or female. That said, we do know that based on self-reporting studies that men are much less likely to take skin cancer preventative measures such as wearing sunscreen and practicing safe sun protection measures. So back to my recommendation about reading our skin cancer awareness article where you can learn all about skin cancer including how to spot it, help prevent it, and treat it.

Q: Why are monthly skin cancer self-exams so important for men?

A: Most men don’t perform self-skin exams. This is a problem because melanoma can develop anywhere, even where the sun doesn’t reach, at any age, and on any skin type. People ask all the time why I examine their feet during a full skin cancer exam and my answer to make it relatable to most patients is, Bob Marley died from melanoma on his toe. I cannot emphasize enough the importance of self-skin exams, annual full skin exams with a board-certified dermatologist, and taking proactive preventative measures to protect your skin. Making these things should be a habit much like getting annual physicals and seeing your dentist once a year.

Adam Wallach, M.D.
Adam Wallach, M.D.

Adam Wallach, M.D.

Q: Do you have any tips and tricks for your male patients to remember the importance of daily sunscreen use?

A: The key to establishing a sunscreen ritual is firstly finding a product that feels good to you — not too heavy, not fragranced, blends with skin color, and is easy to use. To that end, I often recommend that men try different products, trying two at a time with one product applied on the left and the second product to the right. Which feels better?  This way you can quickly sort through various products to find what suits you best. Clearly, a dark-skinned man with oily skin will need a different product than a fair-skinned man with drier skin. Often your dermatologist can provide you with samples to conduct this trial-and-error approach, or simply ask your dermatologist what he or she recommends. I listed my favorites in our skin cancer awareness article.

Next, keep the sunscreen beside your sink, in a place that you will see every morning when you come out of the shower or finish washing your face. Don’t place the tube in a drawer or share it with your partner. Additionally, one needs a simple and reproducible way to apply the product, so it is done the same way with the same amount each day. I like to use a dotting method whereby I dispense two generous pumps of my favorite product to my palm and then place a specified number of dots to various areas of the face, ears, and neck before rubbing it all in. This last recommendation will avoid having missed areas as well as globs of unblended product.

Most importantly, do this every day, at least on the face, regardless of the forecast or your schedule, because weather often changes, as do one’s plans — a cloudy day is suddenly balmy and that plan of not leaving the office can turn into a spontaneous outdoor lunch! Use an SPF of at least 30-50 and avoid SPF>50 as the Food and Drug Administration will be eliminating them soon and they provide only marginal added benefit often at the cost of feeling heavier. Assume that you are getting about half of the SPF on the label as those numbers are predicated on strict laboratory assessment of SPF that doesn’t approximate real-life usage.

I have a favorite facial sunscreen for everyday use when I go to the office and may step outside for a quick lunch and a weekend sport water-resistant sunscreen for both face and body that is a bit tackier to withstand the effects of sweating or water. If your total exposure will be more than two hours, please reapply your sunscreen. If you are swimming, consider reapplying every time you exit the water, as even a water-resistant product will sometimes not adhere or will be washed away more readily than expected. The tests conducted to attain a water-resistant label are performed with sunscreen applied in two coats and allowed to dry 20 min prior to testing — not how most folks apply sunscreen.

Finally, don’t forget that sunscreen is not a substitute for sun avoidance or sun-protective clothing.  Protect your lips with a lip specific product that will adhere better than regular sunscreen, don a broad-brimmed hat, and grab your sunglasses.

Q: Historically, men have kept their skin care simple. But trends are showing a greater interest in pursuing healthier and younger-looking skin. What tips do you offer your patients to evaluate their skin care routine and select products and/or cosmetic dermatology procedures to care for their skin?

A: Let us first talk about cleansers and moisturizers. Some men, especially as they age, will discover that retaining moisture in the skin not only makes the skin feel better but makes it look more youthful too. A good product will provide emollient qualities that smooth the skin by acting like a glue that keeps adjacent keratinocytes (the cells of the epidermis) together, will have humectants (for example hyaluronic acid or urea) which help retain water, and have occlusive properties to diminish epidermal water loss. Note that moisturizers do not moisturize the skin per se – more accurately, they enhance barrier repair by supporting your skin’s natural restorative processes. The best time to apply them is immediately after a shower when the skin has absorbed lots of water. If you live in a sunny climate and routinely shower in the morning, find a sunscreen in a nice moisturizing base so that you will only need one product to do both jobs. 

Unfortunately, the product options, like the myriad of sunscreen options, can be overwhelming.  Your preference will depend largely on the type of skin you have and what feels good to you. At Skin Cancer & Dermatology Institute we offer a wide array of products that I like to recommend, so just ask me or any of our talented medical providers and cosmetic specialists for the best moisturizer for you. Experiment with products you already own or borrow some of your partner’s products. If a cream feels great when you first apply it but later in the day your skin feels dry, likely it’s too light or water-based lacking occlusive properties — try something a bit heavier. Most men will prefer oil-free moisturizers that are silicone based (often containing dimethicone) rather than oil-based as they will feel less oily and are more cosmetically elegant.

Finally, one of the simplest, least expensive, and most effective moisturizing agents available is Aquaphor®. It is inexpensive, nonallergenic, and decreases evaporative water loss better than almost anything else. The key to embracing this typically slippery product is to use small amounts applied to the palms and then to damp warm areas of the body.

As far as cleansers go, keep it simple, and again use what feels good. Because of the added sebum most men produce relative to women, men can use more typical soaps on the face without feeling dry. Do not get overzealous with scrubbing and rotating scrubbing brushes as you may damage the critical skin barrier that retains moisture. If your skin is dryer or more sensitive, consider a lipid free cleanser like Cetaphil® or CeraVe®.

What about creams that advertise to make you look younger? The truth is that cosmeceuticals are a multibillion-dollar market of products with incredibly enticing packaging that mostly have no well controlled studies to support their use. The number of antioxidant, botanical, anti-inflammatory, peptide and stem cell products is mind numbing. While many products make your skin feel good, they may just be functioning as expensive moisturizers rather than providing added benefits. For example, there has been a trend of promoting creams containing certain peptides or neuropeptides that mimic the effects of injectable botulinum toxin. The companies producing these products are careful to avoid claims although they make suggestions with creative word play that these creams might work as well as or like the injectable form of botulinum toxin, but there is no evidence to support this intimation. Another popular molecule being touted is Matrixyl™, which claims to produce increased levels of certain types of collagen. These peptides are classified as food and are likely incredibly safe, although their suggested effects are questionable. Over-the-counter cosmetics are not subject to the same testing rigor that FDA-approved products are. So, physicians and patients must determine if a product is worthy based on anecdotal evidence and small studies done in vitro (petri dish) on the end-product without validated testing. If this evidence is compelling enough, one must take a leap of faith and hope that the effort and cost pays off in some real effect.

Vitamin C is one such product. I have been interested in it for years, based in part on Vitamin C’s well documented systemic importance to collagen stabilization, critical role in wound healing, and its likely role in base excision repair in mutated DNA. Topical Vitamin C possesses some challenges as only the L form is absorbed, and concentrations must be at least 10% to see an effect. Like Vitamin E, Vitamin C is a potent antioxidant that if placed on the skin under sunscreen may provide added protection from all types of oxidative stress including UV light.  Some of the most popular products contain both Vitamin C and Vitamin E which act synergistically as Vitamin C can regenerate Vitamin E’s antioxidant properties once used.

Another exciting frontier in skin products are stem cell growth factors. This group, too, lacks the scrutiny of FDA-approved products, but the work of stem cell technology used in other areas of the body make them a compelling area to watch. Stem cells are found in all tissues but the ones that garner the most attention are found in bone marrow and placenta, where stem cells are used directly to repopulate other cells. In the production of cream, we keep stem cells in culture, collect their protein products, concentrate them, and voila, you have a stem cell growth product cream. We know from some studies that as we age, stem cells diminish more with each decade everywhere in the body, including the skin. In theory if we could deliver a high concentration of growth signals to the skin, and as our own stem cells diminish, we might be able to continue providing those critical growth signals. Choose a stem cell growth factor cream that is human, not animal or bacterial, that comes from a highly reputable source and continue to follow reputable sources to learn which ones are deemed the best.

Retinoids are a group of products derived from Vitamin A which have been studied for years and whose benefit on the skin has been confirmed scientifically without question. Tretinoin, also known as retinoid acid or Retin A, is the best-studied and known product in this group. It has been used for over twenty years for diminishing fine wrinkles, lessening skin darkening and generally improving the tone of the skin. Tretinoin is a differentiating factor, which means that it normalizes the way cells develop which over time are altered by aging or oxidative damage. Related molecules to tretinoin are retinaldehyde and retinol, which are not quite as potent as tretinoin but are still effective with a bit less of the downsides of sun sensitivity and dryness. If you are new to this product category, start with one of these less potent molecules, and you can always transition to tretinoin later as your skin becomes used to it.  Nighttime is the perfect time to use retinoids.

Q: Some men’s health concerns include broken capillaries, rough skin, acne, aging, and razor burn. What are your tips for treating these?

A: Capillaries are best removed with a laser. However, if the skin appears very red or inflamed it makes sense to start with treating the underlying process before embarking on laser treatment.  If you are suffering from minor acne, often over-the-counter options like benzyl peroxide, glycol, or salicylic acid cleansers, and 1% adapalene can solve the problem. Severe acne should be seen by a dermatologist. Rough skin should be treated, especially in mountain areas like Tahoe, by reducing soap usage to only essential areas like the head, under arms, and groin. Follow your shower with an emollient as described earlier to trap water. Razor burn in itself could be an extensive discussion. To diminish the chance of razor burn, shave at the end of your shower when the hair is easier to shave, use shaving gel rather than soap, and apply a non-comedogenic non-alcohol-based moisturizer or toner. To slow aging, wear your sunscreen daily and choose one product to wear each night, either a stem cell growth factor or a gentle non-tretinoin retinoid.

Interested in taking your skin health to the next level? Schedule an appointment with one of Skin Cancer & Dermatology Institute’s medical providers online.

Skin Cancer & Dermatology Institute

Your Reno-Tahoe area experts combine market-leading skin and patient care with the most advanced technology and lasers. With nine convenient locations, Skin Cancer & Dermatology Institute has been treating and caring for our community for more than 20 years.

Tourists excited, anxious about 2021 summertime travel

Most travelers would like large outdoor events to resume, but with safety adjustments and size limitations. Photo source from RRC Associates, IDA Survey, May 2021
Most travelers would like large outdoor events to resume, but with safety adjustments and size limitations. Photo source from RRC Associates, IDA Survey, May 2021

Many Americans are looking forward to traveling again this summer, with several new research studies pointing to a high level of interest in hitting the road. Upwards of 90% of American travelers already have at least one leisure trip planned for this summer, with an average of three leisure trips overall, according to research from Destination Analysts

While many people are starting to feel generally safe doing certain travel-related activities, some visitors remain hesitant. For example, a recent national survey from RRC Associates shows that Americans are looking forward to outdoor events/farmers markets and indoor retail shopping, while some indoor facilities, like gyms/rec centers and bars/night clubs, are still viewed with caution. 

Having a sense of how your visitors feel about these issues will allow local businesses and chambers to provide the right communication, safety guidance and level of service this summer. 

Survey suggests anticipation is high among vaccinated travelers

The RRC Associates traveler study compiled responses from over 4,000 active Americans who travel, shop, dine, and attend events. The vast majority of survey respondents is planning to take an overnight leisure trip this summer, a strong sign of the pent-up demand that has been talked about. 

As well, 84% have received one or more COVID-19 vaccine shots, far greater than the roughly 50% of all Americans who have had at least one dose. The higher vaccination level among travelers is clearly contributing to the increased interest in getting back to visiting favorite destinations once again this summer. 

Encouragingly, survey respondents are feeling significantly more safe than they were three months ago doing a variety of travel-related activities, like dining, shopping, attending festivals/events, staying in hotels and watching spectator sports. This is good news for business owners and mountain town officials, signaling that visitors are anticipating spending money at local businesses and generating local sales and lodging tax dollars. 

Some spin-off benefits pandemic-prompted outdoor dining

The popularity of newly-created outdoor dining spaces, sometimes on sidewalks, parking spaces, or other public rights-of-way, is perhaps an unintended consequence of the pandemic. And, indeed, many would like to see these outdoor dining spaces remain permanent. According to the survey, 57 percent support keeping these alternative outdoor eating locations. 

“One of the benefits to come out of the pandemic is this kind of innovation, which in many cases might have taken local government years to enable via permitting. It’s a benefit to the destination, residents and visitors,” commented Carl Ribaudo of Insights Collective. 

However, a clear delineation remains between comfort with outdoor and certain indoor settings. People are very likely to want to dine at restaurants with outdoor seating, attend outdoor events, such as festivals, farmers markets and concerts. Intent to patronize retail stores, both small boutiques and large, big-box stores, is also high. 

But visitors remain noticeably more cautious with other indoor businesses like gyms/rec centers, movie theaters, indoor spectator sports and bars/night clubs. These results show that visitor sentiment remains mixed and that certain businesses will likely have to continue to navigate the challenges of perceptions of safety.


Insights Collective; a Tourism Economy Think Tank and Resource Center – is a collaboration of destination travel industry experts who are collaborating and working, together with mountain resort communities and their stakeholders, to understand, plan, and navigate through the emerging tourism marketplace.

www.TheInsightsCollective.com  /  info@theinsightscollective.com

Guests favor size limits, precautions for large events

Regarding special events and outdoor festivals, while people are ready for events to resume, they tend to want some limits on the size of the events and some safety protocols in place. With such precautions in place, 79% say they would attend an outdoor concert or arts festival this summer. On the other hand, without any precautions, 66% are unlikely to attend such outdoor events. 

“The feedback is clear — event attendees do not want to be in a crowded space,” said Brian London of Insights Collective. “Less is more, in that fewer attendees and less crowding will lead to higher satisfaction.” The takeaway is that interest in outdoor events is high, but some level of limitation needs to be in place for attendees to want to partake. 

When it comes to vaccines and masks, this controversial issue appears to be less divisive among the survey respondents. The majority of travelers feel that having proof of vaccination should be required to board a commercial airline (59%), but a significant minority is opposed to a “vaccine passport” or other requirements (22%). 

Outdoor dining has been very popular during the pandemic, and travelers support keeping those options in the future. Photo source from RRC Associates, IDA Survey, May 2021
Outdoor dining has been very popular during the pandemic, and travelers support keeping those options in the future. Photo source from RRC Associates, IDA Survey, May 2021

Turning vaccine requirements into a positive message

These results show that businesses will have to tread carefully in terms of how they approach encouraging or requiring customers or staff to show proof of vaccination. Spinning the issue positively, such as providing an incentive or coupon for vaccinations (like Krispy Kreme did last month), might be the best approach. 

“VIP seating sections, designated floors on hotels (and) lift lines reserved for those who are vaccinated are examples of rewarding those who are compliant,” noted Ralf Garrison of Insights Collective. 

Sentiment about travel and whether or not visitors feel safe doing certain things can evolve quickly, as local and national health guidance changes and people re-adjust to participating in activities they used to do. Indeed, the CDC revised its guidance about masks for vaccinated people just the other day. 

Nevertheless, individual visitors are likely to have different attitudes about masks, distancing, sanitization, and other policies. Irrespective of local nuances, this summer generally looks like it will be busy, with visitation levels to mountain destinations likely to be quite strong and a return to a summer somewhat more like we are all used to. 

Welcome to the Neighborhood

The percentage of stays that are unpaid, which correlates closely to owner usage, has remained up over historical norms since the pandemic began in March 2020.  Source: Inntopia Business Intelligence
The percentage of stays that are unpaid, which correlates closely to owner usage, has remained up over historical norms since the pandemic began in March 2020. Source: Inntopia Business Intelligence

While real estate did gangbusters in 2020, Tahoe Prosperity Center CEO Heidi Hill Drum doesn’t think this is a sign that the demographics of full-time residents is changing.

“I actually don’t think we’re seeing an evolutionary change – yet. It is easy to use anecdotal information (seems like there are lots of new people moving to Tahoe to work in a Zoom town) and assume it is significant,” Hill Drum said “And while we should welcome our new remote-worker residents, we don’t yet know if they will stay once their offices open back up again. And, for every new resident, many are also leaving the area.”

The year-round population has seen a drop. In the year 2000, the Tahoe Basin saw its highest year-round population count at 60,295. By 2018, it dropped to 52,979 and in 2019, it dropped to below 50,000 for the first year ever. 

“We have plenty of room to grow our year-round population, yet we aren’t,” Hill Drum said. “Even if the realtors are to be believed (which they are of course – lots of homes are selling!) we’re still not likely to have experienced an increase of 10,000 people in one year. Ideally, for our economy, we would increase our year-round population and especially in the 25-44 year old age range of young professionals and families.”

Mountain towns have always been a place to which one can escape the noise, pollution and daily grind of the concrete jungle, and conversely have been magnets that attract folks with peace and quiet, clean air, relaxation and panoramic vistas.

This combination of escape and attraction is what makes mountain communities desirable places to live, either as a primary or secondary home. Long-term residents know this: unless they’re among those lucky enough to spend their entire lives in our communities, they’ve sought the escape, found the attraction, and made the move. But it’s not a move everyone can manage, and so the rise of the “treehouse,” the second home in the mountains to which to escape. 

Chief among roadblocks to full-time mountain residency is employment. Most people find their career in the city, and in many cases that same work for the same money isn’t available in smaller communities. Queue a pandemic, and with it a literal shift in how the world works.

Suddenly there’s a new phenomenon in rural America, coined elsewhere as “in-migration” – the escape of new residents and second homeowners from their urban domiciles to the attraction of the mountains. What began almost immediately after the pandemic declaration as a significant increase in second home occupancy has evolved into the full-on migration of second homeowners and wholly new residents to resort towns. The Insights Collective is working to understand the up- and downside consequences of these changes.

Changes in Rental Inventory

  • The upside: Tired or declining inventory is getting a facelift, raising the overall standard of inventory in the town and putting renovation dollars into the pockets of local suppliers and contractors. That increase in quality also increases the potential rental revenue or resale value of the unit at a future date, essentially “banking” revenue for the community.

At the same time, mountain towns across the West are reporting an aggregate increase of 4.8 percent in taxable retail sales during the past 10 months, despite lower occupancy and shut-downs. While not likely entirely attributable to new residents, there is a strong correlation between the two.

  • The downside: A majority of second homes in mountain communities are part of the traditional leisure rental pool, either through property management companies, online markets like Airbnb or both. Second homeowner use over the past year contributed to a 5.5 percent decline in available units in western mountain resorts this past winter versus 2018/19.

While it doesn’t sound consequential, that amounts to slightly more than 188,000 room nights. Each of which can potentially generate an average of $399 per night based on DestiMetrics’ data, for a potential loss of $75 million in revenue and the corresponding lodging taxes.


Insights Collective; a Tourism Economy Think Tank and Resource Center – is a collaboration of destination travel industry experts who are collaborating and working, together with mountain resort communities and their stakeholders, to understand, plan, and navigate through the emerging tourism marketplace.

www.TheInsightsCollective.com  /  info@theinsightscollective.com

Workforce Housing

  • The upside: Workforce housing is a long-standing issue that public and private sectors have been challenged to address holistically. New and increased urgency is a strong catalyst to compel both sectors to find solutions. Says Chris Romer, CEO of the Vail Valley Partnership, “Second homeowners and new residents bring significant benefits to our community. It is incumbent on the private and public sector to increase our housing stock dedicated to the local workforce.”
  • The downside: New residents purchasing properties or units in mountain communities are further exacerbating pressure on available and affordable workforce housing, a significant pre-pandemic condition across the industry. This drives the workforce to the outer edges of the community or, worse yet, to other communities altogether, creating challenges servicing the needs of both the tourist- and resident-based local economies.

Real Estate Transactions

  • The upside: Real estate inventory in mountain towns is consistently selling as quickly as it’s listed, often over both market value and asking price. This generates new-found home equity for non-selling residents, and sellers are able to capitalize financially on the high demand. The resulting significant increases in real estate transfer taxes can be a mitigating factor to town budgets, perhaps even partially funding workforce housing solutions.
  • The downside: What was barely affordable housing in many communities is quickly moving out of the reach of all but the most affluent of buyers, adding to the aforementioned workforce housing issue. That’s potentially creating a localized valuation bubble and putting new homeowners and the long-term financial health of the community at risk, if so.

Changing the Business Curve

  • The upside: Communities have long sought a leveling of the peaks and valleys of weekend/midweek visitation, and the pandemic (to a degree through in-migration) has partially accomplished that.

Says Dave Belin, director of consulting services at RRC Associates and an Insights Collective member, “New residents were taking advantage of flexible work schedules to ski and recreate midweek. This incremental demand is anticipated to continue this summer on trails and in outdoor dining.” These patterns of leveled visitation are also reflected in the Inntopia / DestiMetrics occupancy data.

  • The downside: While there is potential for midweek overcrowding resulting in a loss of ‘down days’ in the community, it’s frankly difficult to identify a downside to a smoother, more consistent business cycle.

Today we’ve only scratched the surface of in-migration. Issues such as physical infrastructure, parking, broadband capacity, political orientation, schooling and public health and safety are just some of the many not addressed that the Insights Collective sees as manifesting across the industry in the months to come. As destination resort populations evolve, leaders and constituents have an opportunity to embrace and exploit the upside, mitigate the downside and meet the pre-existing and new challenges head-on.

Post-COVID Road Trip Research – Eyewitness Report

Activities like cycling are expected to be popular with resort town visitors this summer season, and communities may want to prepare accordingly. (Photo by Ralf Garrison)
Activities like cycling are expected to be popular with resort town visitors this summer season, and communities may want to prepare accordingly. (Photo by Ralf Garrison)
Listen to the accompanying podcast from Ralf Garrison and Insights Collective here


To fully understand a tourist, you must “be” a tourist, right? 

With little historical data or hard research to guide us down the post-COVID road to recovery, I’ve selflessly volunteered to do some personal, experiential road travel research – a distinct departure from the Insight Collective’s disciplined, evidence-based approach – intended for those readers planning for mud season travel or preparing for summer tourism. Personal observations and anecdotes follow:

The Scenario: Our trip plan emulated nearly half of the U.S. adult population and many of the older “boomers” who are now inoculated and free to travel and congregate, subject to CDC and local guidelines. And with vaccinations now open to all adults and restrictions dropping rapidly, there was an underlying feeling of impunity and exuberance among road warriors most everywhere we went. It sorta feels like maybe we’ve forgotten but are now reawakening to what normal life feels like.

Transportation: A driving road trip to the warmer Southwest was a no-brainer, so we loaded the SUV with a luggage pod, bike rack and our research tools (golf, camping, hiking, pickleball, biking gear, etc.) and took off. Road travel was pretty straightforward but early season road construction has already begun. Lots of RV traffic seemed to constipate traffic – reminiscent of days gone by – and gas prices were on the rise. Perhaps we’ve gotten spoiled this past year?

Lodging: Catching up with friends and family is top of list for many but tricky when conflicting pandemic protocols or ideologies are in play; early, honest communication and empathy is recommended. Roadside motels were readily available, but campgrounds were limited and RV parks were already busy, requiring reservations well in advance. Some Walmart stores apparently once again offer their parking lots for overflow RV camping; imagine a tailgate party, sponsored by makers of Geritol and catered by Walmart, to get the idea. 

Activities: Attractions and activities were based on COVID-appropriate outdoor options, to which we added dining al fresco at every opportunity and our perpetual ritual of taking on fewer calories than we burn off: 

·       Hiking: With more people outdoors, trails are busier, advanced reservations are increasing and masking protocol is anybody’s guess.

·       Biking: All kinds – road, mountain, electric and motorcycle – were already on a roll but have exploded in this last year. New bikes are hard to get, bike lanes are busy and evidence of increased bike infrastructure is apparent in some places (and non-existent in others). That turned out to be a good indicator of communities that had anticipated and welcomed travelers like us. 

·       Golfing: Has enjoyed a resurgence, making tee times tough to get and requiring use of reservation systems, some of which felt archaic and often prioritize local residents. Not for everyone. It’ll be interesting to see how many newbies stick with golf as traditional options re-open. 

Synopsis: Our experience was a good one. But understanding COVID protocols and local expectations was tricky; virtually every location and situation was unique, often not readily apparent and occasionally awkward. Best info was found on the front doors of retail and restaurants. We always started out masked, then adjusted as appropriate. 

Worth it? Definitely! But not reminiscent of the relaxing, hassle-free vacations of old. Bring lowered expectations, patience and a good book. Anecdotally, we didn’t experience much local pushback, but did notice a few local folks checking out the dirty Jeep, decorated with outdoor gear and Colorado license plates, before a welcoming smile appeared.


Insights Collective; a Tourism Economy Think Tank and Resource Center – is a collaboration of destination travel industry experts who are collaborating and working, together with mountain resort communities and their stakeholders, to understand, plan, and navigate through the emerging tourism marketplace. www.TheInsightsCollective.com  /  info@theinsightscollective.com

The Resort Town Counterpart

So, having driven down the road (to recovery) as a visitor, I’m reverting to the resort town vocational perspective and concluding with a few personal observations as food for thought: 

·       Demand = Busy Summer Pent-up demand is clearly in effect, supported by other evidence, and should be anticipated, particularly for smaller, more remote leisure destinations that feature outdoor activities.

·       Supply = Preparedness for Capacity Management If “forewarned is forearmed,” then you and your community should be anticipating and preparing to manage visitor capacity in a way that works for all concerned – not just visitors, but the conditions and expectations under which they are welcome by local residents. Under-capacity or anticipation can look just like over-tourism and can lead to misunderstandings about the true marketplace forces at play.

Rhetorical Question: Is Tourism Only About Tourists? 

Consider tourism not as the only goal, but a viable means toward the broader goal of a viable, economically sustainable lifestyle for those who live, work and rely on resort towns for body and soul. Not a silver bullet or panacea for sure, but when managed properly and weighed against other options, tourism offers a manageable balance of benefits and detriments with the bonus of a not otherwise achievable lifestyle for residents.

There you have it.

The political orientation of a destination is shaping what visitors see and who might visit

Hiding in plain sight. While the world was dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic, and likely as one of its outcomes, the United States was further polarizing around nearly every cultural issue we faced. Red and blue became more vivid, as did black and white, male and female and young and old. 

As our divisions become starker, it seems like everyday decisions would be influenced by which side of the dividing line a person stands. That is, how much are social issues and political perspectives responsible for product and brand choices, or to where people want to take a vacation? 

Given this situation, we decided to research to understand better the extent that U.S. consumers’ positions on social/political issues and their perceptions of a destination’s socio-political orientation influenced decision-making to visit that destination. 

Political variables factor into consumer choices

What we found first was surprising, but with deeper analysis, the findings began to make sense in today’s world. Political orientation, gender, race and the values within those categories are in play every day in the consumer marketplace.


Diversity and “moral consumption” are the new normal in South Lake

As with the rest of the country, South Lake Tahoe has seen an increase in moral consumption – using ethical choices to guide one’s consumer  behavior.

“The trend to make purchase decisions based upon a company/provider philosophy and practices has been increasing, especially if the consumer has disposable income that allows them to make those choices,” said Carol Chaplin, CEO of Lake Tahoe Visitors Authority. “So yes, I would say we are seeing that in tourism.”

LTVA partnered with Kind Traveler, a booking agency that supports companies that are environmentally friendly. They give incentives to travelers who book at hotels that give back to the community.

Chaplin said in addition to seeing more moral consumption, Tahoe has also seen a rise in diversity.

“As for diversity, yes, we have seen that here in Tahoe and other outdoor destinations have observed that as well,” Chaplin said. “During COVID, there were many attractions/activities unavailable (think Disneyland, movie theaters, etc), which likely pointed people in the direction of outdoor activities as an alternative, not to mention the fact that we were all cooped up inside and really felt the need for outdoor therapy.”

According to the 2020 Consumer Culture Report, “71% of consumers prefer buying from companies aligned with their values. Twenty-one percent of Baby Boomers surveyed say buying from brands that share their values and ideologies is essential; with Generation Xers, this number rises to 50%, and for Millennials, even more, 62% believe it is important.”

The research highlights the importance of aligning brand, company values and ethos with the customer’s, so that businesses seek to attract or retain to remain competitive and relevant.

Consumers not only purchase from companies and products aligned with their social or political beliefs, but two in three have boycotted a company they previously purchased from because of its stance on an issue. 

Political orientation also influences where we live. A recent study by Jacob Brown and Ryan Enos suggests people live near others from the same political party. Using spatial data computation, the authors present evidence of extensive partisan segregation throughout the country. (ryandenos.com)

Personal politics also impact where we go on vacation

If political alignment influences the products we buy and where we live, why wouldn’t political orientation, gender, age, race, personal values and purchase behavior also influence tourism destination selection?

Our findings show that as many as 39% of those politically oriented to the right indicate a destination’s political orientation influences the types of places they visit. Thirty-five percent of those surveyed on the left indicate the same. Those that identified themselves in the center politically were the least influenced by the political orientation of a destination they would consider visiting. 

Political Orientation Influences Types of Places Would Visit and Practices 

Survey data showed that individuals who identify politically as right or left leaning were likely to be somewhat influenced by the political orientation of a potential travel destination. Source: Travel Analytics Group, Social Issues and Values Survey. Used by permission.
Survey data showed that individuals who identify politically as right or left leaning were likely to be somewhat influenced by the political orientation of a potential travel destination. Source: Travel Analytics Group, Social Issues and Values Survey. Used by permission.

And real-world politics influence visitor perceptions

These findings suggest significant implications for tourism destinations. Perhaps one of the biggest challenges for destination marketing organizations is that they cannot control how that message is being shaped to visitors and potential visitors.

A destination’s political perception is shaped internally by residents and politicians and externally by others outside of tourism, such as traditional media and social media influencers. Examples of this can be seen at every level. 

At the state level, consumers have seen the impact of political orientation in Georgia and the impact of its legislature’s changes in voting regulations. These resulted in Major League Baseball relocating the All-Star game to Colorado, as well as critical responses from Delta Airlines and Coca-Cola, two of Georgia’s most venerable, locally-headquartered corporations. They are now joined by a host of other companies based in and outside of Georgia.

How much impact do ongoing protests in Portland, Oregon, influence consumer decisions not to travel there? In Southern California’s trendy Huntington Beach, one of the coast’s most desirable areas, this politically conservative city was recently the site of a controversial “White Lives Matter” rally. How many consumers will subsequently decide that this is not a resort town they want to visit? 

The political orientation issue can also be regionalized as DMOs in the South have had to juggle issues related to Confederate monuments being publicly fought over by those for and against their removal. 


Insights Collective; a Tourism Economy Think Tank and Resource Center – is a collaboration of destination travel industry experts who are collaborating and working, together with mountain resort communities and their stakeholders, to understand, plan, and navigate through the emerging tourism marketplace. TheInsightsCollective.com /  info@theinsightscollective.com

So how do you still promote tourism in this climate?

Amid this polarization and politicization, DMOs are still tasked with destination promotion and messaging. While they are crafting inviting messages to visit, some are being undermined by political events they can’t control. And in other cases, they may be turning off a part of the traveling public.

More recently, some DMOs indicated they want to attract the “right kind of visitors,” those that match their destination’s values. Which side of the divide will consumers perceive they are on in taking this positioning? Is it the logical extension of a divided country? 

Historically, the tourism industry has been about communicating destination attributes and largely avoiding political issues. This situation is changing. Perhaps it was inevitable that polarization would reach the tourism industry. It is new territory and destinations are going to have to be very nuanced moving forward.

But be careful; taking a position can either repulse some of the more significant generic visitor segments or align with others. It could attract entirely new visitor segments looking for a place where they feel comfortable, or completely turn off others. 

All signs point to strong demand for winter ski travel – but are we ready?

Revenue forecast data shows the potential for 2021 to outperform 2020 significantly. (Source: Inntopia)
Revenue forecast data shows the potential for 2021 to outperform 2020 significantly. (Source: Inntopia)

As we look forward, whether it be this immediate summer or more distant winter, post-pandemic demand will bring with it a few challenges. Some of these will be new and others reoccurring, but all can be anticipated and thus premeditated.

If the floodgates are thrown open in the name of economic prosperity, there is the potential for resident pushback and renewed concern for over-tourism. If the wrong re-opening and re-welcoming strategy is deployed, resorts run the risk of coming across as under-prepared.  

Tom Foley, SVP of business process and analytics at Inntopia, explained the situation. “There are several ways to indicate strength for summer, but perhaps the most notable is by comparing current revenue gains.” 

“We can also be encouraged by looking at data on rate strategy intention,” added Foley, “where the left side of the chart confirms a decline in properties intending to lower rates.”

Fewer properties are indicating they intend to lower rates this summer, a good indicator of the potential for a strong season. (Source: Inntopia)
Fewer properties are indicating they intend to lower rates this summer, a good indicator of the potential for a strong season. (Source: Inntopia)

With revenue up and lodging discounts down, will the good times continue into winter?

Many in the industry are anticipating strong pent-up demand this summer. But you must ask what happens after that? Not all the market is ready or willing to travel. The immediate surge is just part of the market,” said Carl Ribaudo, president and chief strategist of SMG Consulting.  

Other headwinds include newly discovered COVID-19 variants, vaccine distribution uncertainty along with newly announced side-effects and subsequent halt of distributing the Johnson & Johnson vaccine, not to mention potential pushback against origin markets with high caseloads. 

Industry response has been to limit supply in the name of visitor experience 

Even as the industry aims to overcome uncertainty, many resorts have responded to COVID concerns by limiting physical access to the mountain, said Dave Belin, director of consulting services with RRC Associates. 

“We’re hearing from many ski areas in different parts of the country that they are planning to continue some form of limiting capacity on peak days, whether through caps on weekend ticket sales or parking limits on busy days,” he said. “The explicit reason is to preserve the visitor experience, a concept that applies to many other tourism destinations like beaches, theme parks or national parks.” 

Belin is of course mostly referring to the recent capacity announcement from Arapahoe Basin. For decades, a key strategy for Arapahoe Basin was to add more skiers. That is no longer the case. The ski area is now actively working to reduce the number of skiers on weekends and holidays. 

Arapahoe Basin will measure success by reducing parking challenges, keeping lift lines and other service lines short and by seeing smiling skier faces. This approach is a big “tell” about their future strategy: manage fewer people, lower operational expenses and increase demand.

Fewer visitors may positively impact quality of place, but if resorts are successful in managing expectations they will still be faced with staff-shortages, which has the potential to dilute the visitor experience. 

Preventing negative reviews is vital to bringing visitors back

When their experience is less than what they expect, negative word of mouth will spread on social media and other review sites – capping any efforts to promote the destination and welcome back travelers. Fewer visitors also have an impact on retail operations – less people walking past the stores mean fewer opportunities to ring the cash register.   

For resorts that are able to add appropriate levels of staff, a new challenge awaits. “Another issue facing resort communities will be where to house the labor force,” noted Ralf Garrison, destination resort advisor with The Advisory Group, “especially if affluent visitors extend their summer stay into winter – depleting the available housing supply.

As travelers make decisions about where to go this summer and winter, the opportunity is ours. Getting the supply variables right is a step in the right direction to a positive visitor experience. 


Insights Collective; a Tourism Economy Think Tank and Resource Center – is a collaboration of destination travel industry experts who are collaborating and working, together with mountain resort communities and their stakeholders, to understand, plan, and navigate through the emerging tourism marketplace. www.TheInsightsCollective.com  /  info@theinsightscollective.com 

Workforce housing still a critical issue for ski towns in 2021

The number of residential real estate transactions was up across the board in Colorado’s mountain counties in 2020, showing the high level of demand for properties in these locations.

South Lake Tahoe takes steps to boost worker housing

There was a housing shortfall in South Lake Tahoe long before the pandemic but now, the issues have been amplified. 

According to a housing report from the Tahoe Prosperity Center, the South Shore needs 1,880 below-market homes to meet the current and future expected demand for low income and employee housing. 

However, several groups in the region are working to make up for the shortfall. St. Joseph’s Community Land Trust has two affordable housing projects in the works; Sugar Pine Village which will provide 248 units and the Sierra Gardens Development which will provide 76 apartments. TPC’s housing plan also has the Ski Run and Pioneer Workforce Housing project in the works which will provide 77 units. 

“Each of these projects is a valuable step in the right direction, to preserve our local workforce by adding housing that’s affordable to everyone,” said Chase Janvrin, program manager, Tahoe Prosperity Center, in a letter to the Tribune. “Providing enough housing for our local workforce in this special and alluring environment is no small task, and thanks to the efforts of all the partners in the Housing Tahoe Partnership and the dedicated support of our community, we can do this.”

The COVID-19 pandemic has been many things – pick your word – disruptive, unprecedented, extraordinary,  a true black swan event. In several respects, the pandemic has also been an accelerant – creating additional pressure on already challenging issues related to tourism economics in mountain destinations. 

The pandemic has certainly accelerated the stress on workforce housing, which was already a difficult problem with few easy solutions. Ultimately, an adequate supply of workforce housing is a community-wide issue that can have impacts on the visitor experience and the overall destination’s competitiveness. 

Factors contributing to low workforce housing inventory

Indeed, residential real estate prices are up across the country; this surge is especially true in mountain communities across the U.S. Several factors have contributed to these increases – people moving to mountain communities from urban areas during the pandemic, traveler preference for short-term rentals over hotel rooms, second homeowners occupying their units for longer periods of time and the high level of interest in outdoor activities. Such patterns have added more strain to an already overburdened workforce housing supply in many popular vacation destinations. 

Tom Foley, SVP of business analytics at Inntopia, sees a specific change that the pandemic wrought. “Home and condo usage by owners in mountain destination towns is up across the board, meaning that in some cases inventory that might otherwise be used for short- or long-term workforce housing is not available,” Foley said. “What’s not entirely clear yet is to what extent owner stays are [directly] impacting workforce housing.” To some degree, second homeowner usage and short-term rentals during the pandemic are complicating the workforce housing issue. 

Destination-wide issue

If a restaurant is understaffed or a hotel can’t get its rooms cleaned in time, the visitor experience may be negatively impacted, jeopardizing potential return trips. The lack of workforce housing, therefore, has a direct effect on a destination’s attractiveness. Carl Ribaudo, president of SMG Consulting, agrees. “The continued lack of affordable housing for residents and employees within the tourism industry limits the competitiveness of the destination. If you don’t have enough employees to provide services to visitors, how competitive can you be?”

Beyond the quality of the visitor experience and the competitiveness of the destination, sales and lodging tax collections can be suppressed. According to Dave Byrd, director of risk and regulatory affairs at National Ski Areas Association, “Without ample affordable housing, the entire community suffers – it impacts tax revenues significantly, businesses cannot fully operate, and impacts guest services across the board. Without affordable housing, all businesses will struggle to find workers.”  

New tools needed

Many large employers have focused on offering staff housing for their employees. In particular, ski areas across the country frequently provide subsidized, seasonal housing to their staff. According to the NSAA Kottke End of Season Report, 59% of all U.S. ski areas have employee housing. In the Rocky Mountain region, an even greater 76% of ski areas offer employee housing, with an average of 165 staff housed per ski area in the winter of 2019-20. These beds are essential because without housing, a large employer like a ski area can’t operate effectively, with potential impacts like reduced lift operations, longer lines at food and beverage outlets and an overall lower level of customer service. 

Many other smaller businesses in ski towns face the same challenges; hotels and restaurants need places for their employees to live, too. But these smaller businesses can’t always afford to provide housing by themselves. A community-wide, collaborative and creative approach is often necessary, as seen recently in Big Sky. The resort area in Montana has allocated $1.9 million of its 3% resort tax to the Big Sky Community Housing Trust to build affordable housing, 

In Colorado, the Town of Breckenridge continues to fund affordable housing efforts. “In addition to building new deed-restricted housing for locals, the Town is very committed to programs that preserve some of that inventory, through Buy Down Programs and deed restriction acquisition programs,” said Laurie Best, senior planner at the Town of Breckenridge. “Locally, most businesses, including critical infrastructure, are increasingly challenged to recruit and retain the employees they need,” added Best. 

Federal funding could prompt housing projects

Significantly, President Biden’s current infrastructure proposal includes major funding for affordable housing across the U.S., which could have a positive impact in mountain towns via direct funding for workforce housing projects in rural areas. 

“Biden’s trillion-dollar infrastructure bill has some very encouraging proposals on workforce housing, and he is smartly targeting rural communities with grants for workforce housing,” observed Dave Byrd. Byrd went on to say, “While the bill’s details remain to be defined, the proposal is encouraging, and the ski industry will be pushing innovative public-private agreements and funding to create sustainable and affordable housing in and near ski communities.”

The challenge of workforce housing has been on the front burner in many mountain communities for quite a while, but the pandemic pushed the issue to a critical level. To remain competitive and to provide an exceptional visitor experience, workforce housing is essential. As destinations look to new tools and funding sources, taking a broad, community-wide approach to workforce housing is more of a priority now than ever before. 


Insights Collective; a Tourism Economy Think Tank and Resource Center – is a collaboration of destination travel industry experts who are collaborating and working, together with mountain resort communities and their stakeholders, to understand, plan, and navigate through the emerging tourism marketplace. www.TheInsightsCollective.com  /  info@theinsightscollective.com

5 common questions about rosacea, answered by dermatologists

April is Rosacea Awareness Month, a time dedicated to educating the public about this common and sometimes severe skin disorder and encouraging those living with it to develop an effective therapeutic plan with their dermatologist. 

According to the National Rosacea Society, an estimated 16 million Americans live with this skin condition. Though the causes are unknown, there are treatments that can soothe and treat rosacea.

According to the National Rosacea Society, an estimated 16 million Americans live with this skin condition. Adam Wallach, MD, one of the newest Providers at the Skin Cancer & Dermatology Institute, who has been treating rosacea for more than 20 years, describes rosacea as “a chronic inflammatory acne-like condition that often causes flushing of the cheeks and commonly stimulates the development of excessive blood vessels. As a result, some patients become self-conscious about their appearance, and can suffer a loss of self-esteem.” Dr. Wallach answers some of the most-asked questions about the skin disorder:

Q: What causes rosacea?

A: There are no known causes of rosacea. According to The American Academy of Dermatology, scientists have uncovered clues to a few potential causes through research, including:

  • Genes. Often, those who suffer from rosacea have at least one person in their family who also has it. 
  • Immune system. Most people with papulopustular rosacea react to bacillus oleronius, a bacterium, causing the immune system to overreact. A conclusion on this theory has not been reached. 
  • Demodex, a mite that lives on the skin, specifically the nose and cheeks. Studies have found that some people with rosacea have an abundance of mites on their skin, but it is not a conclusive theory because there are people who have many mites but no rosacea. 
  • Cathelicidin, a protein that typically safeguards the skin from infection, may cause redness and swelling and determine if someone gets rosacea. 

Q: Are there different types of rosacea?

A: Yes, there are four variants of rosacea; all forms affect mostly the face, and all have no known cure.

Erythematotelangiectatic Rosacea (ETR) is the most common form, identified by red or flushed cheeks. The skin often is swollen and may be rough. 

Papulopustular (Acne) Rosacea gets its name as it mimics an acne outbreak with pimples and bumps. Redness, swelling, and oily skin are typical characteristics.

Rhinophyma Rosacea is considered a subtype of severe rosacea; in this form, skin in areas around the chin, nose, forehead, and cheeks may thicken. For some patients, rosacea can lead to overgrowth of cartilage, resulting in a bumpy red nose, which can be treated surgically or with laser treatments.

Ocular Rosacea affects the eyes and eyelids, causing them to be itchy, dry, bloodshot, and sensitive. In some cases, this form of rosacea has been known to cause blurred vision in additional to the development of cysts (or styes) in the eyelash area. 

Rosacea usually presents in adults; however, some cases have affected children, primarily in the form of eye styes.

Q: What triggers rosacea?

A: Rosacea can be worsened by certain triggers, including alcohol, spicy foods, and even caffeine. Knowing your triggers can help reduce your flares. The National Rosacea Society lists other common triggers, including sun exposure, stress, weather, wind, exercise, and certain skincare products. Rosacea patients should consult their dermatologist when choosing skin care products, to avoid any aggravation to the skin.

In a world where we wear face masks nearly every day, some people have found that frequent use of masks may trigger their rosacea. 

Q: Are rosacea and eczema similar?

A: No, while there are similarities in symptoms, the overall conditions differ. The main difference being eczema is more common in those who have dry skin, is frequently itchy, and can appear all over the body, whereas rosacea tends to stay near or around the face and may feel warm or tender.

Q: Are there any treatments for rosacea?

A: Thanks to the advances in dermatologic science, several products help soothe and treat rosacea. Topical creams such as Ivermectin, Azelaic Acid, and Metronidazole, as well as oral antibiotics, can help reduce inflammation significantly. BroadBand Light (BBL™) can help reduce flares and even your skin tone, while KTP and pulse-dye lasers can eliminate the excessive blood vessels often accompanying chronic rosacea. For those looking for a cosmetic cover-up, green-tinted makeup can help camouflage excess redness. SkinCeuticals® gentle cleanser, Phyto Corrective Gel, and Phyto Corrective Masque are skincare products commonly recommended to help with treating rosacea.

It is important to be aware that not all facial redness is caused by rosacea – sometimes it can be a more serious condition. If you struggle with any of the symptoms mentioned here, it is best to consult your trusted dermatologist.

Visit SkinCancerDerm.com or call 775.324.0699 to schedule an appointment with Dr. Wallach at Skin Cancer & Dermatology Institute’s Truckee location

Skin Cancer & Dermatology Institute

Bringing you patient-centered, world-class dermatological care with nine locations in the Reno-Tahoe area. Skin Cancer & Dermatology Institute specializes in Medical Dermatology, Mohs Skin Cancer Surgery, and Cosmetic Dermatology.

Measuring up: Driving the travel economy by changing how – and what – we measure

Bookings in the end of March were up 1580% versus 2020, and up 58.5% versus pre-pandemic 2019.
Source: Inntopia Business Intelligence

Occupancy tax remains South Lake Tahoe’s important measurement

One metric for success in South Lake Tahoe is the amount of transient occupancy tax collected. Carl Ribaudo, a local destination tourism marketing consultant, said the best way to predict 2021 is to compare the year to 2019. TOT is tracked from Oct.-Sept, so for the 2018/19 fiscal year, the city collected nearly $9 million in TOT. For the 2019/20 fiscal year, the city collected a little over $7.5 million in TOT. 

Still, comparing 2019 and 2021 still won’t give the city an accurate picture. Measure T, which bans vacation home rentals outside of the tourist core, went into effect on January 1, 2021. In just Jan. and Feb., more than 100 vacation homes lost their permits because of the measure. South Lake Tahoe Police Department VHR Enforcement officer Maureen Stuhlman said the majority of the permits will expire in May and June. 

In the 2018/19 TOT report, VHRs accounted for more than $3 million of the total income. In 2019/20, when VHRs were banned under the state’s stay-at-home for most of the year, TOT income from individual VHR owners was down 20%. Meaning, the city will likely see a hit once Measure T is fully in effect. 

On the flipside, the city saw a huge increase in day trips in 2020 and that trend will likely continue. Ribaudo also said he suspects mid-week trips will also continue to rise. 

Listen to the accompanying podcast from the Insights Collective here.

Destination travel providers have long since adopted reliable, actionable metrics to gauge the success or failure of their efforts to create thriving travel economies. And whether it’s the relatively isolated nature of their economies, the seasonality of revenue streams or the significant infrastructure requirements of snow sports, mountain travel partners and suppliers are proactive with a wide range of data.

But suppliers and their overall communities have both a need and opportunity to change how and what they measure to drive the evolution of the industry.

“How” you measure – recovery vs trajectory

Typically, suppliers and governments measure quantitative performance such as taxes, visitation and resource use in terms of year-over-year (YOY) comparisons. Measuring during similar periods helps ensure that conditions such as weather, economic cycles and holidays are similar in both periods, allowing them to identify what is and isn’t working on the operational or promotional side.

The resulting data provide a measure of annual growth or decline, which becomes actionable. But when you encounter disruption in one of the data sets (say, a pandemic, to use an unlikely and extreme example), interested parties need to adjust to ensure they’re seeing performance in the right context.

For example, if we measure lodging bookings at mountain resorts in the third week of March 2021 versus 2020, we find that bookings are up 1,580% due to shuttered destinations at the same time last year. That, in a nutshell, is a recovery metric that helps you understand emergence from the downside, but has little long-term value.

For long-term value we add more data and also compare the same week versus 2019. The results? Bookings are up 58.5% compared to the same week in 2019. We now have both a recovery metric and a long-term trajectory metrics to qualify our recovery findings and make sure we’re on track. For the record, the current 2021 gains are dominated by pent-up demand, with the dramatic gains over 2020 also largely attributable to last year’s shutdown.

While this is a simplified example, the Insights Collective and I recommend that a multi-year discipline be applied across all data points measured, so that decisions through the recovery keep the long-term interests of the supplier or destination on track.

“What” you measure – shifting long-term interests? 

Major disruptors have a way of creating challenges and opportunities, but rarely as aggressively as 2020. While many suppliers and towns are looking forward to a return to “normal,” others see this as an opportunity to drive change and address long-standing challenges like workforce housing, community relations, over-visitation or differentiation, to their competitive advantage.

Some of what was important in 2019 – generating foot traffic in a particular part of a town, for example – is still important, but may be lower on the list in 2021. Shifting away from volume in favor of exclusivity, visitor infrastructure in favor of local lifestyle, lodging tax in favor of workforce housing or any one of a dozen other shifts, are all initiatives destinations may identify that will require new ways to measure success.

Carl Ribaudo, president of SMG, and a co-founder of Insights Collective, suggests that resorts may pivot towards “looking at residents’ satisfaction with tourism as it’s currently delivered, making sure it truly benefits all segments of the community.” Ralf Garrison, founder of the Collective, has another approach, but perhaps to the same end, suggesting there’s an opportunity for suppliers and destinations to be more selective in “identifying the type of visitors that are most compatible with the destination.”

Local satisfaction vs. visitor compatibility

In the first instance, we’re adding Resident Satisfaction to the things being measured, while the Garrison approach compels you to identify and measure traits of consumers before they arrive, then refine, repeat and measure again. As an aside, and not to diminish the targeting efforts of destination marketing organizations, while many are engaged in some version of that exercise, visitor traits have most often been driven by price and access rather than premeditation.

In a quantitative example, Bill Wishowski, director of operations at the Breckenridge Tourism Office, says “focusing on room nights (instead of occupancy) has become a higher priority for us as the number of available units has changed year-over-year” an example of getting in front of changes to second-homeowner and rent-by-owner markets by measuring differently.

The travel industry has largely measured success as revenue gained through price since the Great Recession, but is also something of a victim of that success. There are compelling reasons to measure recovery and trajectory in terms of a return to normal. But there are equally compelling reasons to embrace changing consumer, resident and societal dynamics to measure success in new ways, something mountain travel professionals have proven themselves more than capable in the past twelve months.


Insights Collective; a Tourism Economy Think Tank and Resource Center – is a collaboration of destination travel industry experts who are collaborating and working, together with mountain resort communities and their stakeholders, to understand, plan, and navigate through the emerging tourism marketplace. www.TheInsightsCollective.com  /  info@theinsightscollective.com